Things are fraught in Jerusalem around AD 30 – as reported by John in his first-century eye-witness biography of Jesus. “Renewals” was a time – annually – when people there renewed their commitment to the God of the Scriptures. As with us today “winter” was the time when folk longed for spring and summer.
The Jews are determinedly emotional about this man. They cannot carry on with their lives whist he is there, doing good to all – even on Sabbath days when he should not work. Not only that, his teaching is extremely popular.
Jesus answered them, “I said it to you and you do not believe! The works that I do in the name of my Father, these testify concerning me. But you do not believe, in that you are not out of my own sheep. My own sheep hear my voice; also, I know them, and they follow me. Also I give them eternal life, and they may never self-destroy into eternity, and one will never seize them out of my hand. My Father gave these to me, he is great over all people, and no one is able to seize out of the Father’s hand. The Father and I are one.”
Above is Jesus’ first attempt (on this occasion) to answer them openly.
So the Jews lifted up stones again in order that they might stone him.
They don’t like his open answer. They reject it. They try to kill him.
Jesus answered them, “I showed you many good works from the Father. Through which work of those are you stoning me?”
Above is Jesus’’ second attempt to assist them to see reason.
The Jews answered him, “We are not stoning you concerning a good work, but concerning blasphemy, and in that you, being a man, make yourself God.”
The second attempt fails. He has said openly that God is his Father. That is not an acceptable answer. He is a man, not God.