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2.4 Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath

One Sabbath he was going through the grainfields, and as they made their way, his disciples began to pluck heads of grain. 24 And the Pharisees were saying to him,
"Look, why are they doing what is not lawful on the Sabbath?"
25 And he said to them,
"Have you never read what David did, when he was in need and was hungry, he and those who were with him: 26 how he entered the house of God, in the time of Abiathar the high priest, and ate the bread of the Presence, which it is not lawful for any but the priests to eat, and also gave it to those who were with him?"
27 And he said to them,
"The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. 28 So the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath."
Deuteronomy 23: 5  (This book was written by Moses around BC 1350 and its title indicates that it is a second giving of the law of God to his people Israel immediately before they entered the promised land.)
25 If you go into your neighbor’s standing grain, you may pluck the ears with your hand, but you shall not put a sickle to your neighbor’s standing grain.
1 Samuel 21: 1-6 (This is one of Israel's archival history books covering the period between BC 1000 and BC 970 - the time of King David.)
21  Then David came to Nob to Ahimelech the priest. And Ahimelech came to meet David trembling and said to him,
"Why are you alone, and no one with you?"
2 And David said to Ahimelech the priest,
"The king has charged me with a matter and said to me, ‘Let no one know anything of the matter about which I send you, and with which I have charged you.’
I have made an appointment with the young men for such and such a place. 3 
Now then, what do you have on hand?
Give me five loaves of bread, or whatever is here."
4 And the priest answered David,
"I have no common bread on hand, but there is holy bread—if the young men have kept themselves from women."
5 And David answered the priest,
"Truly women have been kept from us as always when I go on an expedition. The vessels of the young men are holy even when it is an ordinary journey. How much more today will their vessels be holy?"
6 So the priest gave him the holy bread, for there was no bread there but the bread of the Presence, which is removed from before the Lord, to be replaced by hot bread on the day it is taken away.

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